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【悦宝园小常识】Meyerhoff博士来告诉您:宝宝的记忆能力真的跟你不一样!

文章出处:悦宝园网人气:-发表时间:2016-07-28 22:33:00【

本文内容来自美国悦宝园早教首席顾问--Meyerhoff博士。

才跟宝宝说完的话他就不记得了?

说过很多次的内容宝宝依旧记不住?

故意的?

记忆力有问题?

原因到底是什么呢?

…………

 

Meyerhoff博士告诉你

Contrary to what some people assume, memory is not a matter of running a videotape in your head and then just rewinding it when you need to recall something.  It is an extraordinarily complex process that involves decision-making, encoding, storage, and retrieval skills – skills that take many years to develop.  That is why you can’t remember anything from when you were an infant or toddler, and it probably is not until the school years that you begin having regular, detailed memories.

和人们的认识相反,记忆可不是我们脑袋里的录像带,当你想回忆起什么时它就马上回放。它 是混乱复杂的一系列过程和决定,存储、解码、挑选、检索技巧,这些技巧可不是天生就有的,而是要花上好多年发展形成的。这也就是为什么你不记得自己婴幼儿 时候的事儿,通常等你上了小学才有有序细节的记忆。



The preschool period, therefore, is a little problematical.  At this point the skills are becoming functional, but they still are not highly proficient.  And this is complicated by the fact that young children are rather egocentric, that is, mostly focused on themselves.  Consequently, it is important for parents to be aware that their memory for things that are specifically about them will be a lot better than their generic memory.
但是,在学前这段时间,有点小问题。这个时期能力正在成长却不精进。更复杂的事情是这个阶段的宝宝们是自私的,也就是更关注自己。所以,家长们应该要明白宝宝会记得关于自己的事情,而对其他事情却没什么记忆力。

For example, let’s say you tell your four-year-old that Beijing is the capital city of China.  The next day you ask him what the capital city of China is and he doesn’t remember.  But he can tell you in great detail about every present he received for his birthday the previous month.
比如,你告诉你4岁的孩子,北京是中国的首都。第二天你问他:中国的首都在哪里。他不记得了。但他能告诉你几个月前,他收到的所有生日礼物的细节。

It is critical to keep this in mind when talking to your young child about fire safety, stranger danger, and other important topics.  Since he easily remembers the trip to the zoo, it is natural to assume he will remember what you told him.  But unfortunately, it is likely that he will not.  So during the preschool years, while instruction is appropriate and ultimately will be effective, it should not be considered a substitute for conscientious parental supervision.
所以在让你的宝宝记住不要玩火,陌生人是危险的,以及其它重要事情的时候,你要记得宝宝的这个记忆特质。不要因为他轻松的记得去动物园旅行,就认为他能够记住你和他说的所有事。其实,他记不住。所以在学前这段时间,再适当有效的指导也不能代替家长无微不至的监管。

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